Socioeconomic Baseline Study Findings

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1. Income Resources

 The main income sources at the targeted areas come from the following activities:

  •   Livestock.
  •  Governmental and Military employment
  •  Labors.

2. Flock Composition and Flock Structure

The study showed that the number of livestock in the targeted areas is around 600000 heads according to Ministry of Agricultural records.

 The socioeconomic survey showed that 53.5 % of livestock owners have mixed flocks (sheeps and goats); 32.1% of them have sheeps only, and the remaining (14.3% of them) have goats only. Furthermore, it was found that the percent of males in sheep and goats, under the transhumant production system, was 6%, and 8.4 % respectively. On the other hand, females showed a higher percentage in sheep (94%) than in goats (91.6 %).

 In this system there is 78% productive ewe of sheep while there are 76.6% productive goats. In addition, yearling ewes lamb constituted 10.4% for sheep and 5.3% for goats. The mature rams and goats have accounted 3.8% and 4.4% correspondingly. Replacement rams comprised 0.2% and goat is 0.9%.

3. Cooperatives

The study showed that there are 74 cooperatives in the targeted areas. These cooperatives can be classified, according to the purpose of establishment into: 37 as multi purposes cooperatives, 25 as agricultural cooperatives, 8 as sheep cooperative and 4 for other purposes

4. Problems and Constraints

  •  Unemployment: The baseline study shows that the unemployed men and women of target areas is 45% and 90%, respectively. The  reasons for the high percent of unemployed in the targeted areas are the unemployment by public sector, lack of private sector investment, external workers competing on local jobs, low rate of graduated and trained people to open new employment opportunities and limited crop farms activities.
  •   Poverty: The baseline study indicates that 60% of the target communities are suffering from poverty. This is due to the insufficient government fund, land tenure, unemployment, low productivity of the livestock, and lack of income generation projects.
  • High cost of the feed: This problem is one of the major problems that the livestock owners face.
  • Market constraints for livestock productivity: The causes of this problem are the lack of markets and market chain for marketing of livestock products and the lack of factories for milk and wool.
  •  High cost of the energy sources
  •  Poor veterinary services: According to the baseline study, the livestock owners in the targeted areas complained of the poor veterinary services and the lack of qualified veterinary personnel.


More details on these surveys are available in the BRP Reports of the baseline studies

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