CAP Background

The BRP prepared the Community Action Plan (CAP) which was based on the results of 2009/2010 baseline studies, workshops and roadmap recommendation.  The goal of the CAP is to conduct most suitable restoration approaches, including biophysical interventions and socio-economic arrangements, to fulfill the principal objective of the BRP in restoring the damaged ecosystems in the Jordan Badia.  The CAP is viewed as the actual action plan of the BRP and designed to last for eight years (2011-2019) before outsourcing the implemented activities to local communities.  The CAP consists of 13+1 (M&E project) self-standing projects; seven under the Integrated Watershed Management Component (Development of Macro-catchment Structures Project, Development of Micro-catchment Structures Project, Water Spreading and Soil Conservation Project, Improving Water Quality for Livestock Watering Project, Planting Native Fodder Shrubs Project, Protection and Managed Grazing Project, Establishing Tracks to facilitate Access to Watersheds) and four under the Integrated Livestock and Socio-Economic Component (Livestock Feed Incentives Project, Improving Livestock Productivity Project, Public Awareness and Capacity Enhancement, and Smart Informal Environmental Education).  In addition to the Sustainable Fodder Crop Production Project (Component 4) and Establishment of Rangeland Cooperatives Project. 

The Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) signed several agreements with relevant Governmental institutions to implement the above CAP projects.  In addition, the MoEnv signed an agreement with the University of Jordan (UoJ) to handle the M&E of the 13 CAP Projects.

CAP Project


1)  Development of Macro-catchment Structures Project

Ministry of Water and Irrigation/Jordan Valley Authority (MoWI/JVA)

2)  Development of Micro-catchment Structures Project

Ministry of Agriculture/National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension (MoA/NCARE)

3)  Water Spreading and Soil Conservation Project

Ministry of Agriculture/National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension (MoA/NCARE)

4)  Improving Water Quality for Livestock Watering Project

Ministry of Water and Irrigation/Water Authority (MoWI/WA)

5)  Planting Native Fodder Shrubs Project

Ministry of Agriculture (MoA)

6)  Protection and Managed Grazing Project

Ministry of Agriculture (MoA)

7)Facilitating Access to Watersheds Project

Ministry of Public Works and Housing (MoPWH)

8)  Livestock Feed Incentives Project

Ministry of Industry, Trade and Supply (MoITS)

9)  Improving Livestock Productivity Project

Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Jordan University for Science and Technology (JUST), Higher Council for Science and Technology (HCST)

10) Public Awareness and Capacity Enhancement Project

All implementers of CAP projects

11) Smart Informal Environmental Education Project

Ministry of Education (MoEdu)

12) Sustainable Fodder Crop Production Project

Ministry of Water and Irrigation/Jordan Valley Authority (MoWI/JVA)

13) Establishment of Rangeland Cooperatives Project

Jordan Cooperative Corporation (JCC)

CAP is the most important component of the BRP  as it aimed to identify the actions needed for implementing the BRP activities and developing the targeted watershed by:

 1) defining the principles of restoration and ultimate targets;

 2) determining the roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder; and

 3) guide the implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of all BRP interventions.

 The CAP covered the various activities that would be conducted with the participation of the targeted communities and would also be one of the main instruments for up-scaling successful options in all the ecosystems of Jordan Badia during the full implementation phase. The CAP consisted of two main plans (the integrated watershed management plan (IWMP) and the socioeconomic incentives plan (SEIP)). Each plan focused on the following five major components:

 a) Building on the results of the baseline surveys to identify the technical, institutional and policy options (TIPOs) for the interventions in each watershed and target communities;

 b) Identifying the best incentives to foster the full participation of all stakeholders and sustainable collective uses of ecosystem plant and water resources;

 c) Formulation of a partnership with local communities, governmental institutions, NGOs and implementing institutions;

 d) Formulation of a Monitoring and Evaluation framework;

 e) Formulation of a communication and dissemination strategy to share the results of CAP implementation.

The baseline studies had been used to identify the technical intervention and socioeconomic incentives that could be applied in the targeted watersheds and communities to achieve the sustainable restoration of the targeted sites. For the IWMP, these technical interventions were: soil and water management, improvement of ecosystem productivity, and alternative grazing management.

Given the scope of the constraints facing the communities, the implementing agency/contractor could not succeed in fulfilling the CAP objectives without clear and strong partnership at three levels.  The first level of partnership was with the governmental institutions that were working in the Badia and with specific mandate that were pertinent to planned interventions. The second level of partnership was with the NGOs, cooperatives and other relevant local institutions, which could serve as appropriate vehicles for working with the communities. The third level of partnership was at the level of the stockowners that had different production systems and also different needs.  Ensuring the participation of all the community members was critical to ensure that agreed grazing and water resources use schedules were respected by all members.  The BRP considered that the best approach for the implementation would be to develop grazing management cooperatives.



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