Work Plan of the IWMP

 The IWMP is being conducted at five watersheds targeted by the BRP in the Jordan Badia where the demonstration sites were located. These targeted watersheds are: Aranbah (146 km2), Al-Qassab (1027 km2), Al-Bandan (1239 km2), Burqu (513 km2), and Al-Gelat (145 km2). Table (1) shows the watershed names, total area, potential rangeland area, type of restoration approach(s) that will be implemented, and suitable micro- and micro-catchment water harvesting structure. 

Table 1: Watershed names, total area, potential rangeland area, type of restoration approach that can be implemented, and suitable micro- and macro-catchment water harvesting structure
Watershed name  Total area of watershed (km2) 

Potential rangeland area

(km2) 

Restoration Approach that will be implemented    Check dams and water spreading  Water Ponds/Dam 
protection Rest-Rotation Fodder plantation within WHS
Aranbeh 146 69     √   
Burqu 513 43    
Al-Bandan 1,239 136    √  √ 
Al-Qasab 1,027 122     √   √ 
Al-Gelat 145 50     √   √ 

  The IWMP will include the following four main components:

a. Water harvesting interventions

It is worth noting here that the baseline study identified the areas within the demo sites that are biophysically suitable for implementing the different water harvesting techniques. Moreover, the members of soil and water harvesting thematic group (SWHTG) of the baseline study conducted several field surveys, during November 2010,  to the all targeted watershed and selected the land areas, within the watershed, that are biophysically suitable for implementing soil conservation structures, micro and macro-water harvesting techniques. The results of these visits to each watershed are presented in table (2).  

Table 2: Watershed names, total area, potential rangeland area, land area suitable for micro- catchment WH and suitable macro-catchment water harvesting structure
 Watershed name  Total area of watershed (km2)  

Potential rangeland area

(km2)


Micro-catchment WH

(ha)


Water Ponds/Dam

(1000m3) (1)


Check dams and water spreading

(m)

Aranbeh 146 69

200 CCR

150 CSB

10 Ponds (1300) 4,500
Burqu 513 43 50 CSB 14 Ponds (1150) 3,000
Al-Bandan 1,239 136

100 CCR

500 CSB

8 Ponds (800) 500
Al-Qasab 1,027 122 650 CSB 8 Ponds (750) 10,000
Al-Gelat 145 50

100 CCR

250 CSB


7 Ponds

(600)

5,000
Total 3,070 420 2,000 47 Ponds (4600) 23,000
 

CCR: Contour Continuous Ridges, CSB: Contour Semicircular Bunds

(1): For more details see Appendix 1

b. Improvement of vegetation cover and productivity of degraded rangelands (plantation of fodder shrubs, protection, rest-rotation)

These interventions are subsequent to the micro-catchment water harvesting techniques. These will include plantation of fodder shrubs and/or seeding of fodders in micro-catchments, protection for natural recovery of rangelands in some sites, and rest rotational and late grazing in other sites.

The implementation of rest-rotation grazing can be facilitated if the revegetated areas (area planted by fodder shrubs) are large enough to accommodate substantial numbers of animals during the rest period of native vegetation under restoration. The persistency of browse production by fodder shrubs compared to forage production by native vegetation is relatively longer, which facilitates the adoption of resting grazing locations by pastoral communities. The local communities will share in the plantations of fodder shrubs to give them the feeling that their grazing rights of these plantations are secured.

It is worth noting here that the baseline studies and the field surveys conducted by SWHTG identified the areas within the demo sites and watershed that are biophysically suitable for implementing the protection, plantation of fodder shrubs in micro-catchments, and implementation of rest rotational and late grazing schemes. The results are presented in table (3). 

Table 3: Watershed names, total area, potential rangeland area, type of restoration approach that can be implemented
Watershed name Total area of watershed (km2)

Potential rangeland area

(km2)


Restoration Approach

(km2)  

      protection Rest-Rotation Fodder plantation within WHS
Aranbeh 146 69 48 17.5 3.5
Burqu 513 43 32.5 10 0.5
Al-Bandan 1239 136 95 35 6
Al-Qasab 1027 122 86.5 29 6.5
Al-Gelat 145 50 32.5 14 3.5
Total 3070 420 294.5 105.5 20


c. Socioeconomic activities

 This procedure will be followed in all activities of the IWMP and CAP of BRP. The participation of targeted communities and livestock owners in selection and implementation and monitoring and evaluation will form an important tool for the BRP in the restoration process and will improve the level of involvement of local communities in the BRP.  This component will be discussed in details below in the socioeconomic incentives plan.

d. Monitoring and Evaluation program of the IWMP activities:

This component is aimed at evaluation of all activities of IWMP (i.e. water harvesting techniques and revegetation). It is directly related to assess the water resource and its capturing potential, and options for water utilization. The Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Component will include the collection of all data that is required to evaluate the performance of the different interventions of IMWP and to determine their suitability to the site/watershed in addition to where can these interventions be scaled out. Data to be collected will include, at least, the same attributes measured in the BRP baseline study (i.e. meteorological data (precipitation, number of rainy days, seasonal rainfall width, the number and depth of rain storms (rain events), the distribution of rainfall during the season, and evapotranspiration), vegetation attributes (cover, survival rate, plant height, frequency, density, diversity, biomass production, grazing and carrying capacity), soil physical and chemical properties, moisture storage in the total area, changes in the soil loss from the sub-watershed by monitoring the sediment concentration of runoff, and socioeconomic impact and social acceptance to water harvesting activities) to track changes of the rangeland condition.

At least one area of 0.5-1.0 ha per targeted watershed will be delineated and fenced to serve as a reference area for monitoring purposes.  The same attributes measured in the BRP baseline study will be monitored inside and outside the fenced areas to track changes of present rangeland condition.

© 2017 Developed by dot.jo All rights reserved.