Work Plan of SEIP

The implementation of the various activities of the IWMP will have direct impact on the communities as it would limit their access to the grazing resources during restoration periods.     Moreover, each community has its own stakeholder composition and realities and as such incentives must be tailored to reflect these differences. In general, the communities during the various meetings and appraisal surveys have identified four types of incentives: (i) compensation options, (ii) service delivery to improve animal productivity and health to prevent the high rates of abortion and mortality, (iii) enabling frameworks that will provide them with more exclusion rights to manage access to improved ecosystems and marketing infrastructure; and (iv) awards.

 The compensation incentives include two main options. The first one is the provision of subsidized feeds (barley grains, wheat bran, and tibin) during the periods where they do not have access to grazing areas to compensate them with the losses that they are incurring. The second option is the introduction of alternative sources for fuel wood to prevent the uprooting of shrubs.  The project plans to introduce solar units, which have been implemented in the area and several community members were sponsored and trained in India on the maintenance of these solar units.

 The service delivery incentives will focus on health, productivity and management. The high mortality and abortion rates reported by the various communities suggest that the poor delivery of veterinary services is a real constraint. The communities suggested the introduction of improved Awassi rams to enhance flock productivity and improve the delivery of veterinary services to curtail economic losses associated with diseases and neonatal mortality. The experiences of community para-vets have been successfully implemented in many developing countries and in Jordan, the lessons learned from these projects could be used to better shape the animal health and productivity task.  In addition, other interventions would include (i) upgrading existing veterinary clinics and providing mobile clinics in target areas to better serve all community members (sedentary and the nomadic and semi-nomadic stockowners, who reported many animal losses); (ii) establishing dipping facilities; (iii) upgrading veterinary laboratories in the area to better anticipate and prevent the spread of diseases.  Moreover, new animal husbandry options will be promoted. Such options may include: selection and culling, nutrition, records keeping, reproductive management, milk processing, fattening lambs. 

 Regarding the enabling incentives include marketing and land tenure issues.  The program will facilitate the development of Badia marketing institutions and infrastructures focusing on Badia plants and animal products to improve the marketing of those products to increase and diversify Bedouin households’ income generation strategies.  These incentives could serve as leverage to the reduction of herds and stability of household incomes.  

 Therefore, the SEIP includes two types of incentives as follows:

  •  Indirect incentives: Vaccines, veterinary services, milking machines, mini dairy plants, and alternatives for the energy will be provided to the livestock owners through the cooperatives. Other activities including income generation projects will be financed
  • Direct incentives:  Barley grain will be provided to the livestock owners to encourage them to participate in rangeland rehabilitation and conservation .This will be achieved by providing 1.5 kg of barley grain for each head for few months in two years.

 

 

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