Introduction

The Jordan national Focal Point (JNFP) has designed the Badia Restoration Program (BRP) that, over its 20 years life, will achieve the overall goal which is "Restoring the damaged/affected ecosystems in Jordan Badia, and developing effective arrangements within the targeted community to manage the restored ecosystems on a sustainable basis and enhancing the livelihoods of the pastoral communities as a result of improving ecosystem products and services, through achieving the following:

  1. Restore the rangeland ecosystems to its appropriate productivity and increase the health, vigor and productivity of sheep and goats.
  2. Increase primary production (plant biomass production, plant species and structural diversity) to pre-1990/1991Gulf Crisis levels.
  3. Increase the diversity and abundance of small mammal (e.g., rodent) to pre-Gulf Crisis levels.
  4. Re-establish viable populations of Gazelles and Oryx, which now rarely exist as relict populations of at most a few.
  5. Contribute to social wealth of the Badia communities through the recovery of the terrestrial ecosystem services of the Badia. The Bedouin of Jordan will revive their traditional arts and crafts, produce livestock and dairy products for home use as well as for sale, and enjoy their cultural traditions with renewed vigor. The renewal of this ancient endemic culture will drive Jordan’s tourism industry.

Implementation of the restoration/remediation projects will be achieved through the process of establishment of well trained and qualified national teams and local communities' participation.

The JNFP vision and the BRP approach emphasize the community participation in all stages of planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of different BRP activities. Therefore, biophysical interventions will be associated with socio-economic interventions aiming to integrate all efforts to improve the livelihood of livestock holders and the local community as a step to reduce their dependency on rangelands. Beneficiaries will be motivated to participate in the project activities and to the restoration of the ecosystems. Incentives will be provided to attract the community to setup local organizations and cooperatives capable to implement communal activities aiming to the sustainable improvement of community production and valuation of their natural resources.

The BRP, in cooperation with the implementing agencies, will continue focusing on the rehabilitation of the ecosystem and community participation at all stages of implementation, specially livestock owners, and the building of capacity at all levels. The NFP will achieve the BRP objectives through the community protection of the natural resources (land, water and vegetation) based on scientific approach and community needs. The BRP will support the targeted communities with incentives for their livestock and improving their skills through training programs. The destocking process is expected to be achieved in midterm and long term activities.

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